From January to July this year, Guangdong's foreign trade import and export volume reached 4.55 trillion yuan, a decrease of 1.1% compared to the same period last year. To be more specific, exports amounted to 3 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.1%; imports amounted to 1.55 trillion yuan, with a decrease of 8.2%.
In July, Guangdong's foreign trade import and export volume reached 694.28 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 0.1%. Specifically, exports amounted to 447.26 billion yuan, an increase of 0.4%; imports amounted to 247.02 billion yuan, a decrease of 0.4%.
From January to July, Guangdong's import and export of foreign trade accounted for 19.3% of the country's total foreign trade and remained stable. Its decline narrowed by 0.2 percentage points compared to the first half of the year. During this time, Guangdong's export reached a new high for the same period in history, exceeding three trillion yuan for the first time. At the same time, the import and export of general trade in Guangdong increased by 5.7%, 6.8 percentage points higher than the growth of Guangdong's import and export of foreign trade, accounting for 58.1% of the national import and export with an increase of 3.7 percentage points compared to the same period last year.
It is worth mentioning that the exports of electric passenger vehicles, lithium batteries and solar cells and the imports of energy products remain strong. From January to July, the exports of electric passenger vehicles, lithium batteries, and solar batteries in Guangdong increased by 570.8%, 23.9%, and 44%, respectively. There is a strong demand for imported energy products: from January to July, imported energy products such as crude oil, natural gas, and coal in Guangdong reached a value of 69.51 billion yuan, an increase of 30%.
In terms of key cities in Guangdong, from January to July, the import and export of foreign trade in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Huizhou grew by 5%, 8.1%, and 4%, respectively, accounting for over 60% of the total value in the province. Some cities experienced rapid growth, with Jieyang and Shanwei's imports and exports of foreign trade growing by 23.6% and 10.2%, respectively. In addition, the special customs supervision areas in Guangdong showed growth potential, with a 6.9% increase, accounting for 14% of the total value of imports and exports in Guangdong.
From the perspective of foreign trade entities, the scale of import and export of private enterprises continues to grow. From January to July, there were 113,000 enterprises in Guangdong with import and export performance, an increase of 8.9%. Among them, the import and export of private enterprises reached 2.74 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6%, accounting for 60.3% of the total import and export value, an increase of 4 percentage points compared to the same period last year.
During the same period, the import and export of foreign-invested enterprises reached 1.55 trillion yuan, and that of state-owned enterprises reached 254.91 billion yuan, accounting for 34% and 5.6% of the total import and export value, respectively.
From a regional perspective, the growth rate of import and export of Guangdong Province to countries along the Belt and Road Initiative is 8.4 percentage points higher than the overall growth rate, reaching 1.3 trillion yuan with a growth rate of 7.3%. It accounted for 28.6% of the total import and export value, an increase of 2.2 percentage points compared to the same period last year. Among these countries, the import and export value of Guangdong's largest trading partner, ASEAN, reached 745.6 billion yuan, with a growth rate of 3.2%.
文｜羊城晚报全媒体记者 汪海晏 通讯员 陈琳 赵畅